In order to purchase the right safe, choices have to be made. The correct names burglar-resistant cabinet and fire-resistant cabinet are unfortunately too long for daily use, and are abbreviated to safe or safe. The product group can be divided into 3 categories: fire-resistant, burglar-resistant and fire and burglary-resistant.
Indication of value storage This term indicates how much cash the insurance will cover when it is stored in the safe. It is assumed that the cash is stored in a burglar-resistant safe in an uninhabited, unguarded and unsecured building within a built-up area. Depending on the security measures taken, insurers may deviate from the cover indication.
Tip Always check with your insurance company whether it agrees with the value storage indication for the safe you have chosen. Various environmental factors can reduce, but also increase the value that is insured!
Euro class EN 1143-1 / EN 1143-2 According to this standard, safes must be tested by an independent testing institute. Experienced people get to work in the test institute to break open the cupboard. The results obtained are shown in a resistance value. This takes into account factors such as time and tools. Based on the test results, a safe is classified in a certain resistance class. The test standard for deposit safes is described in the standard EN 1143-2
Classification Valuation Storage for Belgium: Euro class 0 : € 12,500 Euro class 1: € 25,000 Euro class 2: € 40,000 Euro class 3: € 75,000 Euro class 4: € 110,000 Euro class 5: € 150,000 Euro class 6 : € 225,000
Burglary resistance according to EN 14 450 (Security level 1 and 2) EN 14 450 is the standard for light burglar-resistant cabinets and are suitable for simple risks. The classifications S 1 (€ 2,500) and S 2 (€ 5,000) are on the label on the inside of the door. In full they are called Securitylevel 1 and Securitylevel 2.
The temperature of a fire is influenced by several things such as:
– The duration of the fire – Different materials – Is it a walking or a still fire
The fact is that the temperature of a fire can rise to 600 to 800 °C. In extreme cases, the temperature can even rise above 1000 °C.
Fire protection of paper or data carriers Fire-resistant cabinets are made to ensure that the internal temperature of the cabinet remains lower than the temperature at which paper or data is damaged. Paper is damaged or can even perish above 175°C. The critical limit for magnetic information carriers and digital data carriers is already about 50°C. For example, in a safe that has been tested against fire for 1 hour for paper, your backup tapes are not protected against fire. Tapes in particular are very sensitive. At a slightly too high temperature, these already melt. So make sure that your data and tapes are stored in a data safe. Other media like DVDs, CDs, HDDs and USBs are more heat resistant and can therefore also be stored in a media safe. In addition to fire, data safes and media safes also protect against moisture, dust and soot particles. For some safes, data boxes are available that can be used in a fire-resistant cabinet. This gives you the perfect protection against both fire and theft for your documents and data.
DIN 4102 Safes falling under this category are double-walled and fitted with a fire-resistant insulation material. DIN 4102 is a construction method, which means that these cabinets are fire-resistant, but not tested. DIN 4102 boxes are fire resistant for paper for a short time.
Fire-resistant tests If you want to protect your documents against fire, choose one of the tested fire-resistant cabinets. Fire-resistant tests take place at independent test institutes in various countries. There are various fire-resistant standards according to which a safe can be tested. The safes are tested at set temperatures. It is tested whether the safe sufficiently protects the contents. Some standards also provide for a drop test to check whether the protective effect is not adversely affected if the fire-resistant cabinet falls through a mezzanine floor during a fire. The fire resistance is expressed in minutes, followed by the P for paper or DIS for data. These test standards indicate how long a fire-resistant cabinet protects paper or data in the event of a fire.
The most common fire-resistant tests
EN 1047-1 1 or 2 hours fire resistant up to approx. 1090 °C Drop test 9.15 meters Paper • EN 1047-1 S60P (60 minutes fire resistant) • EN 1047-1 S120P (fire resistance for 120 minutes) Dates • EN 1047-1 S60DIS (60 minutes fire resistant) • EN 1047-1 S120DIS (fire resistance for 120 minutes)
LFS (EN 15659) ½ or 1 hour fire resistant up to about 850 °C No drop test Paper • EN15659 LFS30 (30 minutes fire resistant) • EN15659 LFS60 (60 minutes fire resistant
NT Fire 017 (SP) 1, 1 ½ or 2 hours fire resistant up to approx. 1090 °C No drop test Paper • NT Fire-017 60P (60 minutes fire resistant) • NT Fire-017 90P (90 minutes fire resistant) • NT Fire-017 120P (fire resistant for 120 minutes) Dates • NT Fire-017 60DIS (60 minutes fire resistant) • NT Fire-017 90DIS (90 minutes fire resistant) • NT Fire-017 120DIS (fire resistant for 120 minutes)
UL 72 (UL) ½, 1 or 2 hours fire resistant up to about 1000 °C Drop test 9 meters Paper • UL72 class 350 – 30 minutes • UL72 class 350 – 1 hour • UL72 class 350 – 2 hours Dates • UL72 class 125 – 30 minutes • UL72 class 125 – 1 hour • UL72 class 125 – 2 hours • UL72 class 125 – 3 hours
BELGOSAFE is a Belgian trade association that unites the main manufacturers, distributors and service providers of safes, safes and related products. BELGOSAFE defends the interests of the safes industry with a focus on burglary and fire-resistant products. BELGOSAFE promotes safes with the ECB label. This label guarantees that the safe has been produced under controlled conditions and independently tested according to European standards.
Download the BELGOSAFE information card safes – Standardization and coverage advice – (16/03/2015). Insurers link an amount of cash value to a safe-deposit standard as an indication of coverage. The insurer assumes that cash will be stored in a burglar-resistant cupboard or safe, which is located in uninhabited, unguarded and unsecured buildings within built-up areas. http://www.security-tools.be/docs/Belgosafe-informatiekaart-kluizen-v3.pdf
Our advice to customers is also clear. Buy a safe or safe with an ECB-S label. This way you can be sure that your safe or safe can protect your valuables according to a level of protection that you pay for. If the safe has a weight of less than 1,000 kg, ensure that it is properly anchored to the floor and/or wall.
Classification Burglar-resistant safes
Standard EN 14 450 This standard serves to classify burglary-resistant cabinets and safes below resistance class 0. For a clear distinction, they are divided into two security levels, each with its own coverage indication.
Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 14 450 Class
Indication of value storage Security Level S1 : € 2 500 Indication of value storage Security Level S2 : € 5,000 Standard EN 1143-1 Safes according to EN 1143-1 are divided into different classes, each class corresponds to an indication of value storage.
Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 0: Indication of value storage 7 000 € Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 1: Indication of value storage 10 000 € Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 2: Value storage indication 25 000 € Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 3: Value storage indication €45 000 Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 4: Value storage indication 75 000 € Burglar-resistant safes in accordance with EN 1143-1 Class 5: Value storage indication 125 000 € Burglar-resistant safes according to EN 1143-1 Class 6: Indication of value storage 250 000 €
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